What You Need To Know About Asthma

To understand asthma, you need to understand a bit about what happens when you breathe.

Usually, air goes through your nose or mouth and down through your throat and through your airways with every breath you take, eventually making it to your lungs.

In your lungs, there are plenty of small air passages that help to bring oxygen into your bloodstream from the air.

When the lining of your airways swells and the muscles around them tighten, asthma symptoms emerge. The airways are then filled with mucus, further limiting the amount of air that can move through.

These symptoms can then bring about an asthma "attack," the coughing and tightness in your chest that's characteristic of asthma.

What is Asthma?

Asthma is a condition in which your airways narrow and swell and can cause extra mucus. This can make it hard to breathe and cause coughing, a whistling sound (wheezing) and shortness of breath as you breathe out.

Asthma, for certain people, is a mild annoyance. For some, it may be a big issue that interferes with everyday lives and can lead to an asthma attack that is life-threatening.

It is difficult to cure asthma, but its symptoms can be managed. Since asthma frequently changes over time, it is important to work with your doctor to monitor your signs and symptoms and, if appropriate, to modify your care.


Wheezing, a squealing or whistling noise made as you breathe, is the most common symptom of asthma.

Other asthma symptoms may include:

  • anxiousness or panic

  • chest tightness

  • coughing, particularly at night, while laughing or exercising,

  • difficulty talking

  • fatigue

  • shortness of breath

The type of asthma you have can be able to determine which symptoms you encounter.

Not everybody with asthma is going to experience these particular symptoms. If you think the symptoms you have might be a sign of a disease such as asthma, make an appointment to see your doctor.

An actual asthma attack might not be the first sign that you have asthma.

Causes of Asthma

When you are exposed to "asthma triggers," an asthma attack will happen. The asthma triggers can be very different from the asthma triggers of anyone else. Know the causes and learn how to stop them. Watch out for an attack when you can’t avoid your triggers.


Because researchers have yet to determine the precise cause of asthma, understanding how to avoid the inflammatory condition is difficult.

More knowledge about avoiding asthma attacks is known, however. Such techniques include:

  • Having allergy injections. Immunotherapy for allergens is a form of treatment that may help to change the immune system. Your body can become less sensitive to any stimuli you find with regular shots.

  • Reducing exposure to allergens. If you have known allergens that cause an asthma attack, including dust or mold, avoid them as best you can.

  • Take medicine for prevention. Your doctor may prescribe you to take medication on a regular basis. In addition to the one you use in the event of an emergency; this drug can be used.

  • Trigger avoidance. Steer clear of chemicals, odors, or materials that have caused issues with breathing in the past.

Your doctor will help you put in place an action plan for asthma so that you understand and medications to use and when.

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