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What is Metabolic Syndrome?


Metabolic syndrome is a group of five risk factors that increase the likelihood of developing heart disease, diabetes, and stroke. The five risk factors are:

  • increased blood pressure (greater than 130/85 mmHg)

  • high blood sugar levels (insulin resistance)

  • excess fat around the waist

  • high triglyceride levels

  • low levels of good cholesterol, or HDL

Having one of these risk factors does not mean that you have metabolic syndrome. However, having one will increase your chances of developing cardiovascular disease. Having three or more of these factors will result in a diagnosis of metabolic syndrome and it will increase your risk of health complications.


People with metabolic syndrome are at an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, and type-2 diabetes. Thankfully, lifestyle changes like a balanced diet, weight loss, and regular physical activity can help you reduce your risk of the serious afflictions this syndrome cause.

According to experts, metabolic syndrome makes Covid-19 cases worse.

According to studies, there are many complications that are caused by coronavirus and if someone has metabolic syndrome then those complications multiply by many folds.


What are the complications of metabolic syndrome?


The complications that may result from metabolic syndrome are frequently serious and long-term (chronic). They include:

  • hardening of the arteries (atherosclerosis)

  • diabetes

  • heart attack

  • kidney disease

  • stroke

  • nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

  • peripheral artery disease

  • cardiovascular disease

If diabetes develops, you may be at risk for additional health complications, including:

  • eye damage (retinopathy)

  • nerve damage (neuropathy)

  • kidney disease

  • amputation of limbs

How can metabolic syndrome be prevented?


Expert says, adopting a healthy lifestyle is the only way out. Maintaining a healthy waist circumference and blood pressure and cholesterol levels reduce your risk for metabolic syndrome. Exercise and weight loss can aid in these efforts and decrease insulin resistance.

In particular, eat a healthy diet that includes fruits, vegetables, and whole grains. Exercise is also important when it comes to preventing this condition. Regular physical activity will reduce your blood pressure, blood sugar, and cholesterol levels. The key is to try to maintain a healthy weight.


Taking proper precautions, maintaining social distancing, and regularly keeping a tab on your health condition is the only way to deal with such a situation.

So, it’s time to be extra cautious if you or your loved ones are dealing with metabolic syndrome and protect ourselves from Covid-19.


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