Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD)

It's good chances you have had some type of PMS since you started your period. Doctors believe that as many as three-quarters of women who get periods have some signs of PMS, be it food cravings, cramps, tender breasts, moodiness or fatigue.

But the PMDD is a different one. It causes emotional and physical symptoms such as PMS, but the symptoms of PMDD are found to be draining for women. Your symptoms of PMDD may interfere with your everyday life, including work, school, social life, and relationships.

What is PMDD?

Premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) is a condition in which a woman experiences severe symptoms of depression, irritability, and pre-menstrual tension. Symptoms of PMDD are more serious than those seen with premenstrual syndrome (PMS).

Symptoms usually start seven to 10 days before your period begins in both PMDD and PMS, and continue for the first few days that you have your period.

The difference between PMDD and premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is that there are severe and debilitating symptoms of PMDD. PMDD involves a set of physical and psychological symptoms which affect the daily life and threaten the mental wellbeing of the individual.

PMDD is a chronic condition requiring treatment at the time it occurs. Treatments available include lifestyle changes and medication.

Symptoms of PMDD

The PMDD symptoms usually appear the week before you start your period and last until a couple of days after it starts. They 're severe and exhausting most of the time and they can keep you out of everyday activities.

Both common and rare PMDD symptoms include:

  • Hot flashes

  • Mood changes

  • Cramps and bloating

  • Depression

  • Sleep problems

  • Intense anger

  • Tension, restlessness and irritability

  • No interest in your everyday activities

  • Difficulty concentrating

  • Headaches

  • Severe Fatigue

  • Changes in appetite

  • Feeling out of control

  • Breast tenderness

  • Joint or muscle pain

Cause of PMDD

It's not clear what causes PMDD. In both PMS and PMDD, underlying depression and anxiety are common, so hormonal changes that trigger a menstrual period may worsen the symptoms of mood disorders.

To Sum It Up

Talk to your health care provider right away if you think you may experience symptoms of PMDD.

As the symptoms of PMDD may be long-lasting, it is advisable to seek treatment as soon as possible.

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