Hyperthyroidism (Overactive Thyroid)

A tiny butterfly-shaped gland in the front of your neck is your thyroid. It produces hormones that regulate the way energy is used by the body. These hormones influence almost every organ in your body and regulate many of the most significant functions in your body. They affect your breath, heart rate, weight, digestion, and moods, for example. Hyperthyroidism can trigger severe problems with your heart, bones, muscles, menstrual cycle, and fertility if not handled. Yet there are therapies that might improve.

What is Hyperthyroidism?

When the thyroid gland releases too much of the hormone thyroxine, hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid) happens. Hyperthyroidism can speed up the metabolism of your body, leading to unintentional weight loss and a rapid or erratic heartbeat.

For hyperthyroidism, many therapies are available. In order to slow the development of thyroid hormones, physicians use anti-thyroid drugs and radioactive iodine. Occasionally, treatment for hyperthyroidism requires surgery to remove all or part of the thyroid gland.

While hyperthyroidism may be dangerous if you neglect it, once hyperthyroidism is diagnosed and treated, most individuals respond well.

Symptoms of Hyperthyroidism

The symptoms of hyperthyroidism can vary from person to person and may include:

  • Changes in menstrual patterns

  • Fatigue or weakness

  • Fine, brittle hair

  • Having more bowel movements

  • Weight gain

  • Increased sensitivity to heat

  • Sudden weight loss

  • Nervousness, anxiety and irritability

  • Palpitations

  • Sweating

  • Swollen thyroid gland

  • Tremor

  • Trouble sleeping

  • Thinning skin

Causes of Hyperthyroidism

Hyperthyroidism has several causes. They include:

  • Grave 's Disease.

  • Thyroid nodules.

  • Thyroiditis, thyroid inflammation.

  • Too much iodine.

Treatment for Hyperthyroidism

  • Anti-thyroid medications. Methimazole (Tapazole) and propylthiouracil (PTU) block the production of so many hormones from your thyroid.

  • Beta blockers. While these drugs are typically used to treat high blood pressure and do not affect thyroid levels, they can alleviate symptoms of hyperthyroidism, such as tremor, rapid heart rate, and palpitations.

  • Radioactive iodine. Taken by mouth, radioactive iodine is absorbed by your thyroid gland, which causes your gland to shrink. Symptoms usually subside after a few months. Excess radioactive iodine can disappear from the body in weeks to months.

  • Surgery. If medication is not a good option for you, your doctor may remove all or part of your thyroid. It's called thyroidectomy. Risks of this procedure include damage to the vocal cords and parathyroid glands, four small glands on the back of your thyroid gland that help regulate your blood calcium level.

Lifestyle and Home Remedies

Symptoms of hyperthyroidism should subside after you begin medication and you should start feeling much better. However, since it can cause hyperthyroidism or make it worse, your doctor may recommend that you look out for iodine in your diet.

It is essential to eat a proper diet, with a focus on calcium and sodium, especially when preventing hyperthyroidism. Work with your doctor to establish healthy foods, dietary supplements, and exercise recommendations.

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