High Cholesterol

Cholesterol is a substance found in your blood that is waxy. In order to create healthy cells, your body needs cholesterol, but high cholesterol levels can increase your risk of heart disease.

With high cholesterol, fatty deposits in your blood vessels may form. These deposits gradually expand, making it hard for enough blood to circulate through your arteries. These deposits may often unexpectedly split and form a clot that triggers a heart attack or stroke.

High cholesterol may be inherited, but poor lifestyle decisions also result from it, making it preventable and treatable. It can help to minimize high cholesterol with a balanced diet, daily exercise and sometimes medication.

What are HDL, LDL, and VLDL?

HDL, LDL, and VLDL are all lipoproteins. They are a mixture of fat and protein (lipids). The proteins must be bound to the lipids so that they can pass through the blood. The various forms of lipoproteins have various purposes:

  • HDL stands for high density lipoprotein. It is also called "good" cholesterol because it takes cholesterol back to your liver from other parts of your body. Your liver will then eliminate the cholesterol from your body.

  • LDL stands for low density lipoprotein. It is often considered "bad" cholesterol because high LDL levels contribute to plaque build-up in your arteries.

  • VLDL stands for very low-density lipoprotein. Some people also call VLDL a "bad" cholesterol because it also helps build up plaque in your arteries. However, VLDL and LDL are different; VLDL mainly carries triglycerides and LDL mainly carries cholesterol.

Causes of High Cholesterol

Too many foods high in cholesterol, saturated fats and trans fats can increase your risk of developing high cholesterol. High cholesterol can also lead to other lifestyle variables. Inactivity and smoking are among these variables.

The chances of having high cholesterol may also be affected by your genetics. Genes are transmitted from parents to kids. Some genes advise the body on how to treat fats and cholesterol. You're at a higher risk of developing it, too, if your parents have high cholesterol.

High cholesterol is caused, in rare circumstances, by familial hypercholesterolemia. This genetic mutation prevents the removal of LDL from your body.

Your risk of having high cholesterol and associated complications can also be enhanced by other health conditions, such as diabetes and hypothyroidism.

Risk Factors of High Cholesterol

  • Age

  • Diabetes

  • Family history of high cholesterol

  • Lack of exercise

  • Obesity

  • Smoking

  • Unhealthy diet

How to Prevent High Cholesterol

It is not possible to control genetic risk factors for high cholesterol. Lifestyle variables can, however, be controlled.

In order to reduce the risk of developing high cholesterol:

  • Avoid too much alcohol.

  • Don’t smoke.

  • Eat a nutritious diet.

  • Exercise regularly.

  • Maintain a healthy weight.

  • Manage stress

To Sum It Up

High cholesterol can cause severe health issues and even death if left unchecked. Care can, however, help you control this disorder, and it can help you prevent complications in certain situations.

Ask the doctor to test the cholesterol levels in order to discover whether you have high cholesterol. Ask them about the care choices if they are diagnosing you with high cholesterol.

Practice safe lifestyle habits and follow your doctor's prescribed treatment plan to lower your risk of complications from high cholesterol. It can help you achieve and maintain healthy cholesterol levels by eating a well-balanced diet, exercising regularly, and avoiding tobacco products. It may also help lower the risk of high cholesterol complications.

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