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High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Blood pressure is measured by both the amount of blood pumps in your heart and the amount of blood flow resistance in your arteries. The more your heart pumps blood and the narrower your arteries, the higher your blood pressure will be.

Without any signs, you will have high blood pressure (hypertension) for years. Harm to the blood vessels and the heart persists even without signs and can be observed. Your risk of major health issues, including heart attack and stroke, is increased by uncontrolled high blood pressure.

Generally, high blood pressure develops for several years, and ultimately it affects almost all. Luckily, it is possible to quickly diagnose high blood pressure. And if you realize that you have high blood pressure, you will work to manage it with your doctor.

What is High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)?

High blood pressure or hypertension happens when the blood pressure rises to an unhealthy degree. Your blood pressure calculation will take into account how much blood flows via your blood vessels and how much blood resistance it faces when your heart is pumping.

Narrow arteries are increasing resistance. The thinner your arteries, the higher your blood pressure is. Increased pressure can cause health problems, including heart disease, over the long term.

Hypertension is quite common. Over the course of several years, hypertension usually progresses. You don't normally experience any signs. But even without symptoms, your blood vessels and organs, particularly the brain, heart, eyes, and kidneys, can be weakened by high blood pressure.

Early detection is valuable. Daily tests of your blood pressure will allow you and your doctor to note any changes. Your doctor will make you check your blood pressure for a few weeks to see if the number remains high or drops down to normal levels if your blood pressure is elevated.

Hypertension treatment requires both prescription drugs and improvements in healthier lifestyles. It might lead to health complications, including heart attack and stroke, if the condition is not treated.


Causes of High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

There are two types of hypertension. Each type has a different cause.


Primary (essential) hypertension

There's no identifiable cause of high blood pressure for most people. Over several years, this form of high blood pressure, called primary (essential) hypertension, continues to develop slowly.

Secondary hypertension

Some individuals have high blood pressure caused by an underlying disorder. This form of high blood pressure appears to occur unexpectedly and cause higher blood pressure than primary hypertension, called secondary hypertension. Many conditions that can cause secondary hypertension include:

  • adrenal gland problems

  • Adrenal gland tumors

  • alcohol abuse

  • congenital heart defects

  • illegal drugs

  • kidney problems

  • medications side effects

  • obstructive sleep apnea

  • thyroid problems

Symptoms of High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Hypertension is normally a silent disease. Many individuals may not experience any symptoms. It may take years or even decades for the disease to reach levels that are so extreme that symptoms become evident. And then, other problems can be related to these symptoms.

Symptoms of severe hypertension could include:

  • Blood in your urine

  • Breath shortness

  • Changes in visual

  • Dizziness

  • Flushing

  • Headache

  • Nosebleed

  • Pain in the chest

Home Remedies for High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)

Changes in healthier lifestyles will help you regulate the factors causing hypertension. Here are some of the home remedies that are most common.

  • Having a cleaner lifestyle

  • Having a healthy diet

  • Increase physical activity

  • Maintain a healthy weight

  • Managing stress

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