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Hair Loss: What You Need To Know

It has been noted that 80 million men and women in America have hereditary hair loss (alopecia).

Just the hair on your scalp or your whole body can be affected. While alopecia is more prevalent in older adults, in children too, excessive hair loss can occur.

It's natural to lose 50 to 100 hair every day. That small loss is not noticeable with around 100,000 hairs on your head. Normally, new hair replaces missing hair, although this is not always the case. Hair loss can gradually evolve or occur suddenly over years. The loss of hair may be permanent or temporary.

The amount of hair lost on a given day is difficult to count. If you find a large amount of hair in the drain after washing your hair or clumps of hair in your brush, you might be losing more hair than is natural. Thinning patches of hair or baldness might also be observed.

If you find that you're losing more hair than normal, talk to your doctor about the issue. They will determine the root cause of your hair loss and recommend effective treatment plans.

Causes

Your doctor or dermatologist will first try to determine the root cause of your loss of hair. Hereditary male- or female-pattern baldness is the most common cause of hair loss.

You could have this form of hair loss if you have a family history of baldness. Hereditary hair loss may be caused by some sex hormones. As early as puberty, it will start.

In certain instances, hair loss will occur with a simple halt in the hair growth cycle. Hair loss may be caused by severe diseases, surgeries, or traumatic events. However, without medication, the hair will normally begin to grow back again.

Temporary hair loss may be due to hormonal changes. Examples are:

  • childbirth

  • menopause

  • pregnancy

  • Stopping the use of pills for birth control

Medical conditions that may lead to hair loss include:

  • alopecia areata

  • scalp infections like ringworm

  • thyroid disease

Diseases that cause scarring can result in permanent hair loss due to the scarring, such as lichen planus and some forms of lupus.

Hair loss can also be attributed to medicines used for the treatment of:

  • arthritis

  • cancer

  • depression

  • heart problems

  • high blood pressure

A physical or psychological shock may cause noticeable hair loss. Examples of this shock type include:

  • a death in the family

  • a high fever

  • extreme weight loss

People with trichotillomania (hair-pulling disorder) need to remove their hair, usually from their ears, eyebrows, or eyelashes.

Traction hair loss can be caused by hairstyles that place pressure on the follicles by very tightly pulling the hair back.

A diet that lacks protein, iron, and other nutrients can contribute to hair thinning as well.


How is hair loss diagnosed?

Persistent hair loss often indicates an underlying health condition. Based on a physical examination and your health records, your doctor or dermatologist will decide the cause of your hair loss. Simple dietary alterations can aid in some cases. Your doctor can also change the drugs you are prescribing.

If an autoimmune or skin disorder is suspected by your dermatologist, they might take a biopsy of the skin on your scalp.

For laboratory examination, this will require carefully extracting a tiny portion of skin. It is important to bear in mind that it is a complex process for hair development. The exact cause of your hair loss can take time to decide.


How to prevent hair loss?

To avoid more hair loss, there are things you can do. Do not wear tight hairstyles that put too much strain on your hair, including braids, ponytails, or buns. Over time, the hair follicles are permanently harmed by those styles.

Try not to pull your hair, twist or rub it. Make sure that you consume a healthy diet that contains sufficient quantities of iron and protein.

Some beauty regimens can exacerbate or lead to hair loss.

If you are currently losing your hair, wash your hair with a gentle baby shampoo. Try washing your hair just every other day, unless you have incredibly oily hair. Often pat the hair dry to prevent the hair being rubbed.

Products and tools for styling are also popular culprits for hair loss. Examples of products or tools that could have an effect on hair loss include:

  • bleaching agents

  • blow dryers

  • coloring products

  • hair straighteners

  • heated combs

  • perms

  • relaxers

To Sum It Up

With treatment, you can stop or even reverse hair loss, particularly if it's due to an underlying medical condition. It could be more difficult to treat hereditary hair loss.

In order to minimize the symptoms of hair loss, talk to your doctor to consider all your options.

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